Entry #35

“July 6 – Had two raids, they hit strip and also camp area causing several casualties. Night fighter P-61 shot down a Jap, sure was a pretty night.” 

Alright so first off I would liked to apologize that I have not been posting as often as I should be. This month for me is going to be very busy, so if I don’t post for several days at a time, I apologize. I will try and keep up with it to the best of my ability. Let’s get into it.

I imagine this day was very hard for him because of the “several casualties” caused. I’d imagine he saw the dead bodies and destruction.

Alright so let’s talk about the part where he said “Night fighter P-61 shot down a Jap, sure was a pretty night.” So night fighters are air crafts designed to be used during the night or times where visibility is poor (rain, fog, etc). The one he mentioned, the “P-61” is more formally known as the Northrop P-61 Black Widow. This was the first U.S. plane designed to be a night fighter and the first one to utilize radar. It’s crew was comprised of three people, and it’s first flight was in May of 1942. Only two years prior to when my grandpa joined.

The part where he says “shot down a Jap, sure was a pretty night.” This is interesting because when my grandfather was alive he seemed like someone who was against killing, as he was very religious. But this part leads me to believe that while in the war he had the typical mentality of a young person serving during that time. To me it’s interesting at least (I’m not saying it’s wrong or right in any way, just talking about what he wrote).



Here is what a Northrop P-61 Black Widow looks like:


Some of them are green and some of them are black, but this is what the base design looked like. Also please note that we do not own this image, here is the source for it, you can also go to this link for more information about this plane:


Entry #34

“Numfor invaded. Is 90 miles from us” 

First off, I would like to sincerely apologize that this entry has not been posted sooner. I have been very busy the last few days and have not had time. I will try and make sure this does not occur again.

So “Numfor” was mentioned in the previous entry and other information along with it. So if you would like to know more about it you can check that out. This invasion was part of the Battle of Noemfoor.


(The black scribble is digital only, meant to cover up the next entry.)

Entry #33

“July 2 – While watching movie we had 6 alerts but no raid. Ran to slit trench and show was on till 11:30.” 

Alright so the part where he says “show was on till 11:30” we think he means that the alerts / movie was playing until 11:30, most likely p.m. If it means something entirely different I sincerely apologize, feel free to correct me by commenting down below.


Entry #32

” July 1 – Invasion force passed us, they were on the way to Neumfoor.” 

An “invasion force” is a unit in the military that does just what the title says. They invade into enemy territory, basically infantry but they are the first people to go in.

“Neumfoor” more commonly known as Numfoor is another island in the Biak group of islands, in Papua New Guinea (which has been mentioned in previous entries), where a battle called the Battle of Noemfoor occurred. The Battle of Noemfoor occurred between July 2nd and August 31st of 1944. It was when United States and Australian forces attacked the island to capture bases controlled by the Japanese. The “invasion force” my grandfather passed were on their way to this battle that was about to start in one day.


Here is where Numfoor Island is located in comparison to the other Biak Islands:


(Please note we do not own this image, here is the source for it: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Numfor)

Here is more information about the Battle of Noemfoor if you’re interested:




Entry #31

“June 27 – 28 – 4 red alerts but no raids, just lost some sleep.” 

By “red alerts” he means that there were warnings that Japanese were going to fly over head and potentially drop bombs or fire bullets onto the people down below, but on these 2 days they never actually did.


Entry #29

“June 25 – Japs raided Mokmer strip and strafed. Col. Davis went home, gave each tent a quart of gin.” 

Alright so “Mokmer strip” was an airstrip on the island of Biak, in Papua New Guinea. This airstrip was involved in the Battle of Biak, which is mentioned in previous entries. At the time it was taken back from the Japanese Troops by the United States Troops, which is why the Japanese are attacking it when he wrote this entry. When he says they “strafed” he means that the Japanese flew very low over the airstrip, dropping bombs and firing machine guns on the people and equipment below, doing it very quickly and repeatedly. This was a very common tactic done by military in WW2.

“Col. Davis” was a Colonel he mentions in this entry. We do not know more information about him, because if you search the name “Col. Davis” a lot of results from WW2 come up, so it won’t be possible to tell which one is his, so I apologize for that.

“Gin” is a liquor, that was commonly drank during WW2, some soldiers even used it to make cocktails.

Entry #29(2)

(The black scribble is digital only, meant to cover up the next entry.)


(Papua New Guinea is the country highlighted in red, it is right above Australia.)


*Please note that we do not own these images, here are the sources for them:

World Map –


Flag –

http://papuanewguineaflag.facts.co/papuanewguineaflagof/papuanewguineaflag.php *

Encase you wondering here is where Papua New Guinea is on a world map, and what their flag looks like. I figured since this country is mentioned a lot in this journal I should probably show what their flag is and where on a world map they are located.

Also if you would like to read more information about WW2 and the war in the Pacific (the part that my grandfather fought in) then you can check out this really well done website called Pacific Paratrooper, it is updated frequently and has a wealth of information, ranging from Eye – Witness accounts to journal entries to humorous WW2 cartoons: https://pacificparatrooper.wordpress.com